Our aim was to assess the effectiveness of hydroresponsive wound dressing (HRWD) in debridement and wound bed preparation of a variety of acute and chronic wounds that presented with devitalised tissue needing removal so that healing may proceed.
This was a non-comparative evaluation of acute and chronic wounds that required debridement as part of their normal treatment regimen. Clinicians recorded wound changes including a subjective assessment level of devitalised tissue and wound bed preparation, presence of pain, wound status (e.g., wound size) and periwound skin condition. Data was also collected from clinicians and patients to provide information on clinical performance of the dressing.
We recruited 100 patients with a variety of wound types into the study. Over 90% of the clinicians reported removal of devitalized tissue to enable a healing response in both chronic and acute wounds. Specifically, over the course of the evaluation period, levels of devitalised tissue (necrosis and slough) reduced from 85.5% to 26.3%, and this was accompanied by an increase in wound bed granulation from 12.0% to 33.7%. Correspondingly, there was a 40% reduction in wound area, hence a clinically relevant healing response was seen upon treatment with HRWD. It is also noteworthy that this patient population included a significant proportion of chronic wounds (51.4%) that showed no signs of wound progression within <4 weeks before study inclusion. Of these chronic wounds, 93% demonstrated wound progression upon treatment with HRWD. Despite reported pain levels being low pre- and post-dressing change, overall wound pain improved (reduced) in 48% of patients. Periwound skin condition showed a tendency towards improvement, and the fluid management capabilities of the HRWD was reported as good to excellent in the majority of cases. Wound infections were reduced by at least 60% over the evaluation period. A simple cost-effective analysis demonstrated significant savings using HRWD (£6.33) over current standard practice regimens of a four-step debridement process (£8.05), larval therapy (£306.39) and mechanical pad debridement (£11.46).
HRWD was well tolerated and was demonstrated to be an efficient debridement tool providing rapid, effective and pain free debridement in a variety of wound types.